What is Pedodontics?Pedodontics (Pediatric Dentistry) is a department that aims to protect the milk and permanent teeth of 0-13 age group children in a healthy way and to eliminate the problems caused by caries, trauma, hereditary and similar factors in these teeth.
Importance of Milk TeethThe primary task of milk teeth is to ensure that the child is nourished. In addition, the proper development of speech depends on the presence of milk teeth. Milk teeth protect the area they cover for the permanent tooth that will replace them and guide it while erupting permanent teeth. When the deciduous tooth is pulled early, this natural placeholding function disappears. The primary goal of pediatric dentistry is to take precautions to prevent dental problems from occurring and to direct children to a future without caries. The procedures applied for this purpose are preventive dentistry applications.
Protective ApplicationsIt is of great importance to inform the child and his family about oral and dental health and nutrition among the preventive practices aimed at preventing tooth decay. Protective dentistry applications include superficial fluoride and fissure sealants.
Fissure sealant:It is a fluid filling material that closes the deep and decay-prone fissures (grooves) on the chewing surfaces of permanent teeth and does not allow bacteria to reach here, thus preventing decay.
Fluorine applicationsFluorine is an element that prevents tooth decay and strengthens the structure of teeth. Since the enamel is not fully mature when the teeth first come out, newly erupted teeth are generally less resistant to decay and are more prone to decay formation. Fluorine protects against tooth acid attacks by strengthening tooth enamel and thus helps prevent tooth decays. Professional superficial fluoride application is a protective method that can only be applied by dentists. Superficial fluoride should be applied by the dentist every 6 months.
Tooth decayTooth decay is a disease that starts with the destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth with acids produced as a result of the bacteria on the teeth fermenting nutrients. Especially in early childhood, when food such as honey, sugary or biscuit milk is placed in a bottle during sleep and given to the child, the common decays seen in young children as a result of soaking the pacifier in sugary foods are called bottle decay.
Dental TraumasOne of the most important problems encountered in childhood is traumatic injuries. The treatment is performed by considering the age of the patient, the degree of injury, the region, the tissues of interest and the general condition of the patient.
Place HoldersIn order to protect the place of the permanent tooth that will come from the bottom in early milk tooth losses, the appliances called placeholder are used. Placeholders are appliances that prevent the neighboring teeth from moving into the extraction cavity, thus preventing the permanent tooth from being buried or coming out of a different place, thus preventing future orthodontic disorders. The treatment of children who are compatible with the dentist is performed in clinical conditions, while the treatment of mentally disabled or anxiety children is performed by applying sedation or under general anesthesia.
It is an important period when children do not forget the first dentist experience for life and perhaps their opinions and thoughts about dentists are shaped. In this important period, a pedodontist's approach to communication, diagnosis and treatment with children will contribute to the child's development of positive attitudes and thoughts towards dental procedures.